US President Joe Biden, British Prime Minister Boris Johnson and Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison have signed a defense and security partnership. This was reported by RIA Novosti, referring to a joint statement by the leaders of the three countries.
The alliance was called AUUKUS (Australia, UK, USA). Its objective is “to defend and promote common interests in the Indo-Pacific region.”
Under the agreement, the three countries will facilitate the exchange of information and technological innovations in the field of artificial intelligence, cybernetic and underwater systems. The wings are also intended to create the possibility of hitting from great distances. In addition, the parties plan to discuss the issue of nuclear safety and the fight against China.
Representatives of the White House during the briefing also clarified that the objective of the alliance is “in general to bring Europe, in particular the United Kingdom, closer to our efforts in the strategic field and will guarantee a deeper interoperability between the navies of the three countries. “
Among other things, the agreement provides for the transfer of technologies for the construction of nuclear submarines to Australia. However, the Australian authorities have ensured that the country remains committed to fulfilling all its obligations as a non-nuclear weapon state. The development of nuclear powered submarines “will be a joint effort of the three countries with an emphasis on interoperability, similarity and mutual benefit.” The association foresees the creation of nuclear submarines for the Australian Navy in 18 months.
Immediately after the agreement was concluded, Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison announced that the country was withdrawing from the submarine agreement with the French Naval Group. At the same time, he stressed that France remains an important partner for Australia in the Pacific region.
The deal assumes that Australia will receive at least eight submarines under the alliance. The three countries will immediately focus on determining the best route for delivery. Canberra will also gain access to American missile technology, which will accelerate the creation of a national military industry and the production of guided weapons, reports TASS.
Liu Pengyu, a spokesman for the Chinese Embassy in Washington, said that countries should not create exclusive blocs whose purpose is to harm third countries. He called on the AUUKUS countries to get rid of Cold War thinking and ideological prejudices.
In turn, Australian Prime Minister Morrison asked Beijing for a new dialogue on security in the Indo-Pacific region and sent an open invitation to Chinese President Xi Jinping. Furthermore, according to him, he discussed the formation of a new partnership with Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Prime Minister of Japan Yoshihide Suga, and New Zealand head of government Jasinda Ardern.
Commenting on the signed agreement, US President Joe Biden assured that Washington is not talking about the possibility of Australia building nuclear weapons within the AUUKUS alliance, reports TASS. According to him, we are talking about consultations with Canberra on the purchase of submarines with nuclear power plants and conventional weapons for the Australian naval forces. Biden stressed that the program will fully comply with the terms of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty.