In the summer of 2021, Americans experienced unprecedented heat – the average temperature in the country was 74 degrees Fahrenheit (23.3 degrees Celsius). The gauge broke the record 85 years ago, when the United States faced a series of catastrophic dust storms, writes NBC News.
Temperatures this summer are 0.01 degrees Fahrenheit higher than they were in 1936, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) reported. The worst heat wave in American history was accompanied by extreme weather conditions: prolonged drought, wildfires and hurricanes.
Report NOAA showed that during June, July and August record temperatures were observed in 18.4 percent of the country’s territory. Five states (California, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, and Utah) had their hottest summers on record.
“In sixteen other states, the summer was one of the five warmest on record. Neither state received the flag [температуры] below the average for the summer season, ”the researchers said. The heat wave peaked in June, when temperatures in 35 cities in the western United States rose to 120 degrees Fahrenheit (48.9 degrees Celsius).
And in August, tropical storms took over the country, causing heavy rains and flooding. Storm Henry ripped through Rhode Island, Connecticut, and Massachusetts, while Hurricane Fred struck Alabama, Georgia, South Carolina, and North Carolina. “Henry” cut power to more than 10,000 homes and businesses and damaged bridges and highways, and because of “Fred” Georgia was hit by a series of tornadoes.
Additionally, Hurricane Ida struck Louisiana, leaving a devastating trail that stretched from the Gulf of Mexico coast to the northeast of the country. “In August, 35 people died and it was the deadliest flood month in the United States since Hurricane Harvey in 2017,” NOAA said in a report. The drought in the western United States also sparked a series of catastrophic wildfires. In California, the Dixie fire became the second largest in state history, covering more than 195,000 hectares.
Due to global warming, extreme heat and natural disasters on Earth will become more frequent and destructive. These data were published in a recent report by the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. The scientists said that the weather conditions of the summer of 2021 could become normal in the future, as global temperatures will rise by at least 1.5 degrees Celsius per year, even if humanity takes drastic measures to combat global warming.